There will be instances where some steps outlined below will happen simultaneously, or in a slightly different order, but this gives you a good idea of what is involved and why this process is such a lengthy one.
The buyer makes an offer on the home he wants, by signing a legal agreement called the
offer to purchase
If accepted, the agreement is also signed by the seller. The buyer, as well as the seller,
must keep a copy of the offer to purchase. The buyer pays his deposit to either the estate
agent or the transferring attorneys, who must hold it in an interest bearing trust account
until the property is registered in the buyer’s name. The buyer must make sure that he
receives a receipt.
The buyer applies for a mortgage loan (bond/home loan) with his bank.
The buyer’s bond application goes through a process of approval by the bank’s credit
The buyer’s bank sends out a valuator to assess the value of the property the buyer intends
The seller must obtain an Electrical Certificate of Compliance, and give it to the transferring
The buyer’s home loan is granted, subject to the valuation and credit approval mentioned
above, and the bank advises the registering attorneys to register a bond.
The transferring attorneys get a copy of the agreement and request the title deed and
cancellation figures from the seller’s bank (which currently has a bond over the property).
The transferring attorneys also request a clearance certificate for the rates and taxes from
the local municipality.
The transfer documents are then drawn up by the transferring attorneys once all the
information in the above steps is obtained . The transfer documents include:
The transfer duty or VAT receipt (from the Receiver of Revenue).
The rates & taxes clearance certificate (from the local municipality).
The levy clearance certificate (from the body corporate).
The consent of the bondholder (bank which holds the current bond) to cancel the
Consents required in terms of conditions in the title deed (i.e. a right of first refusal
waived by the interested party).
The registering (bond) attorneys advise the transferring attorneys of the amount available
for guarantees (the amount of your new bond over the property)
The transferring attorneys then advise the cancellation attorneys to cancel the seller’s
bond, which is done upon receipt of the guarantees.
Once the transferring attorneys receive the title deed and cancellation figures from the
seller’s bank, they send a copy of the deed of transfer and guarantee requirements to the
registering (bond) attorneys.
The transfer documents are signed by the buyer & the seller, with the transferring
The buyer pays the transfer costs, with which the transferring attorneys pay the transfer duty to the Receiver of Revenue and a transfer duty receipt is issued.
The buyer’s bond account and supporting documentation are prepared by the registering
The buyer signs the supporting documentation and pays the bond registration costs to the
registering (bond) attorneys.
The necessary guarantees are prepared by the registering (bond) attorneys and forwarded
to the transferring attorneys, who prepare the bond documents for lodgement with the
The transferring attorneys then forward the guarantees to the cancellation attorneys, who
get consent from the bank (which currently has a bond over the property), to cancel the
Once all the documentation is signed and all the costs are paid, the buyer’s new bond
documents, the transfer of the property (into the buyer’s name) documents and the
cancellation of the seller’s bond documents are prepared by the respective attorneys and
lodged in the Deeds Office - simultaneously.
The Deeds Office takes approximately 2 weeks to check all the documentation before they
are ready for registration by all the attorneys on the same day.
On registration, the bank pays out the loan in accordance with the guarantees issued and
the estate agent is paid the commission.
The whole process can take anything from 8 to 12 weeks, if there are no complications.